Orthopedics Instruments- Bone cutter, forceps, retractor

Orthopedics Instruments- Bone cutter, forceps, retractorCreated OnApril 14, 2020Last Updated OnApril 14, 2020byadmin You are here: Main Surgical Instruments Orthopedics Instruments- Bone cutter, forceps, retractor < All Topics Table of Contents Orthopedics InstrumentsListon bone cutting forceps/large bone cutters Features: Large double-action forceps with curved or straight blades. The blades are rounded to the tip with sharp inner jaw edges. Uses: To cut large bones Pointed reduction forceps Features: Available in two sizes – small & large Uses: To grip and manipulate large bone fragments Lewin bone-holding forceps/Joplin Features: Ringed handles with very sharp double-curved graspers. Uses: To manipulate bone fractures into place. To hold the fracture in alignment while plates and screws are placed. Also be used during a hip arthroplasty to punch holes in bone for passage of sutures when closing the joint. Kern bone-holding forceps Features: Long and thin handles with a bar ratchet device between them to lock jaws in place There are four heavy teeth and heavy serrations at the inner jaws for secure grasping of the bone. Uses: To manipulate bone fractures into place. To hold the fracture in alignment while plates and screws are placed. Used during total joint procedures to grasp bone segments. Plate forceps/plate clamp/plate holder Features: The foot of the forceps fit into the counter of the plate to ensure a firm grip of the plate and the back side of the bone. The foot can be swiveled for precise positioning of the forceps onto the plate. Uses: To hold the plate in alignment while drilling and screw placement takes place during an open reduction internal fixation. Speedlock bone reduction forceps Features: Curved jaws with serration Equipped with a speed lock Offer firm grasp and hold Uses: To manipulate and approximate bones in setting and alignment of fractures Kolbel self-retaining glenoid retractor Features: A finger-ring ratcheted self-retaining retractor that has exchangeable shallow to deep blades. Uses: To retract the capsule open during shoulder procedures. Charnley retractor Features: Also known as the initial incision retractor Commonly used during hip arthroplasty Uses: To maintain exposure of the hip area when the initial incisions are made Army navy retractor Features: Handheld with broad blades Ideal for getting into and exposing larges muscles Uses: To retract shallow or superficial incisions Humeral head retractor Features: An angled two -prong blade with a straight flat handle. Uses: To be placed between the glenoid and the humeral head to get exposure. Fukuda humeral head retractor Features: Available in small and large sizes It has T-bar style handle with an angled blade with and oval fenestration at the working end. Uses: To retract the humeral shaft posteriorly and help to expose the entire glenoid surface. Lever skid humeral head retractor/bone skid/shoulder skid Features: Double ended with large and small curved spoons at each end. Uses: To remove the humeral head from the joint during a total shoulder arthroplasty. Hibbs retractor Features: Flat, double-ended retractor with a laterally bent blade and slightly bent lip with V-shaped teeth on one end and a small, crescent-shaped blade on the other. Uses: To retract tissue for either deep or superficial areas. Often used in long bone cases. Meyerding retractor Features: A curved blade with a toothed edge. Uses: To hold back tissue and muscle in spinal and neurosurgical procedures such as laminectomy Taylor hip retractor Features: Thin handled with curved, rounded end and blade at a right angle with a sharp tip. Uses: To retract tissue for exposure in total hip arthroplasties. Mini Hohmann retractor Features: A flat and smooth handle with thin, slightly curved blades and with a small, upward-curved, pointed tip. Uses: To retract tissue or bone in tight, small areas. Often used during open reduction internal fixation of the ankle. Sharp Hohmann retractor Features: A flat handle with two holes placed distally to aid in grasping the handle. The blade is shaped in a square with an upward, slightly curved prong at the end. Uses: To retract a large area of tissue, usually close to the bone. Blunt Hohmann retractor Features: The handle is flat with two holes placed distally. The blade is blunt, very thin, and slightly curved. No pulling is needed when holding this retractor. Uses: To retract a small amount of tissue in a very tight area. Bennett retractor Features: the solid grip type handle is smooth, with a downward-curved, rounded flared blade and a smaller upward-curved round lip. Uses: To retract tissues during procedures involving large bones. Capsule retractor/fork Features: A curved ribbon of steel with three angled sharp prongs at the working end. These come with one, two, or three prongs, which are designed design to retract in different areas. Uses: Two- and three- prongs: to be placed medially along the scapular neck to retract the anterior capsule and labrium. Single prong – to retract the inferior rim of the glenoid. Browne deltoid retractor Features: The blade is concave and angled with a cup-like indentation at the working end. The handle is flat with a round opening with two curved prongs to each side at the distal end. Uses: To contour the humeral head for deltoid retraction to allow for exposure. Czerny retractor Features: Double-ended superficial retractor The handle is centrally biconvex with a central oval fenestration which allows the bleeders in the underlying tissues to be visualized. Uses: To retract shallow or superficial incisions Caspar Bayonet nerve root retractor Features: It has a crooked design which enables deep placement in the wound. Uses: To retract nerve roots near the disc in laminectomies O’Connell nerve root retractor Uses: To retract nerve roots near the disc in laminectomies

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